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23 May 2023

Gazprom-Media Holding study: the domestic animation market will reach RUB 38.8 billion by 2030

Gazprom-Media Holding has carried out a study of the Russian market for children’s animation. There has not been any full-fledged research of this segment for over five years. The departure of major foreign brands in 2022 gave rise to changes that will shape the industry’s development in the current decade. Gazprom-Media Holding believes that animation is a strategically important business area, as children under 12 make up 13% of the Russian population and will carry the media habits of the future.

The study has revealed the following:

- There were more than 9,000 minutes of new original content produced in 2022, including the releases of 19 TV series and 13 feature-length films.

- In terms of growth rates, the domestic animation market is ahead of the global market: over the years 2020 and 2022, it grew by an average of 15% per year, compared to 13% around the world.

- In 2022, the volume of the domestic animation market was as high as RUB 18.1 billion, and by 2030, it will grow to RUB 38.8 billion (see graph).

The number of animation studios in Russia increased by more than one third between 2018 and 2022. The animation market is consolidated: the revenues of the 10 largest studios over the past five years account for about 60% of the money earned by all animation companies in the country, while also showing an average annual growth rate of 14%. Out of the 150* new projects launched throughout this period, 83 came from the top 10 companies. The top 10 market players (by the number of new projects) were joined by YARKO, a company owned by Gazprom-Media Holding, for the very first time.

Domestic animation offers

TV. Domestically produced animation was broadcast on 30 major TV channels in 2022, and the airtime was twice as long as in 2020, increasing from 0.77 million to 1.61 million minutes. Foreign cartoons, which used to occupy more than half of the screentime for all children’s animation in 2021, are no longer the basis of animation broadcasting.

Film distribution. 2022 broke records in terms of domestic feature-length animated releases, with 13 premieres hitting the screens. Furthermore, the share of domestic animation at the box office exceeded 50% for the very first time (reaching 53%, to be exact). Out of the films released, 30% were new features, while the remaining share was taken up by special cartoon compilations and re-releases.

Growth drivers

The Russian animation market’s growth between 2018 and 2022 was supported by government funding, export development, and an increase in the number of animation studios. Starting from 2018, these studios received a total of more than RUB 4 billion in the form of subsidies from the Russian Ministry of Culture and from the Cinema Fund, including more than RUB 3 billion in non-returnable subsidies.

Some other market growth drivers include the need for filling the gap left behind by foreign content, the absence of which did not make audience demand for animation any lower.

According to a GPM Data survey, 43% of parents note that their children have started watching cartoons more often over the past year. There can also be a number of future drivers, such as the spread of VoD services, export expansion, and personnel development, facilitated by the increasingly widespread use of animation beyond the media industry.


The Russian animation market is successfully applying the supplementary material model, such as the releases of sequels and spinoffs. Studios are continuing the post-COVID trend of switching their focus from cinemas to VoD services and social media. Almost all Russian animated projects created over the past five years are available on domestic streaming platforms.

Russian animation is experiencing active segmentation, through the emergence of projects targeting a specific gender or hobbies and there is also a nascent niche for teen animation. For instance, Gazprom-Media Holding’s YARKO studio is offering Sport Tosha and MATCH Team series for youth interested in sports, and is working on the Living Garage project for boys (to be released in 2023), along with the Technolike! series aimed at teen girls (expected launch in 2024).

Even back when the company was just getting started, we were focusing on making content for a variety of target audiences to ensure maximum outreach. Our large project portfolio also allows us to accumulate expert knowledge, recruit experts with diverse specializations, and of course, introduce the Russian audience to new characters.
Albina Mukhametzyanova CEO and general producer at YARKO animation company

Audience preferences

When consuming media, children favor cartoon series and animated films, with the Internet and television being the most popular channels for that (used by 85% and 73% of children respectively).


In order to achieve optimum industry performance, the scope of government incentives needs to be expanded. Government support can be directed not only at subsidizing content production, but also at facilitating marketing, distribution, licensing, and attracting private investment. New growth drivers may include transition to an ecosystem-based studio model that will expand points of contact for company brands, as well as the development of in-house tools, increased availability of qualified personnel to ensure a full serialization cycle, screenplay library expansion, and a more optimized selection funnel, based on in-depth integration of consumer preference analytics.

Previously, Gazprom-Media Holding studied trends in modern animation. This study showed the popularity of educational content is on the rise, and there is still consistent demand for characters with superpowers; what’s more, the plots of Russian animated films are becoming more complex.

*With the exception of animated shorts and educational content, not counting the new season releases of ongoing projects